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Difference between Protein and Fat


Proteins and fats play a very vital role for the human body. It is the essential element and nutrient for the body that signifies the well-being of the health and also helps in fighting off diseases. They are known as the micro-nutrient. There is a major relation between proteins and fats. How? Let’s understand both the terms.

Proteins are the primary building blocks for one’s body’s tissues. They are polymers of amino acid. There are hundreds and thousands of different proteins that are all made up of different combinations of amino acids. There are only twenty different amino acids that are important for humans. These are combined together in various combinations to form proteins for the body. Human can only produce 11 of the 20 amino acids, while other nine amino acids are to be produced by basic food, also known as the essential amino acids. Proteins come primarily from meats, legumes, nuts, seeds, and fish, and there are other vegetables that have some proteins too. The different amounts of fat and carbohydrates are contained by each source of protein.

Proteins serve two broad purposes in the human body: Structural proteins and functional proteins. Structural proteins form most of the solid material in the human body. Whereas, functional proteins help carry out activities and functions in the human body.

Fats are a sub-group of lipids and are known as triglycerides. Fats are the fatty acid esters of glycerol and are the primary energy depots of animals. The energy depots are used for storing energy that may be required by the body during deprivation of food. Fats are generally soluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water.  In a medical or biochemical context, the term ‘lipid’ is used to refer to fat in both liquid and solid states.

Fats play an important part in chemical and metabolic functions. Fats are broken down in a human body by enzymes