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How to Plant Roses

by Jan Mh on January 13, 2015

How to Plant Roses

Roses are one of the most beautiful, traditional, and fragrant flowers that you can plant in your garden. Sure, "every rose has its thorn," but these gorgeous flowers don't actually require a lot of care. All they really need is some attention and a sunny spot with good drainage. If you want to know how to plant roses and have them blossom to their full potential, adding color and happiness to your home, then follow these steps.

Part 1 of 4: Getting Ready to Plant

  1. Plant Roses Step 1.jpg
    1
    Choose your variety of roses. Any variety of rose will be a beautiful addition to your garden, but it's important to check which roses will grow best in your region by looking at a regional guide to roses. You can also consider the appearance of the roses as well as their size. Here are several of the most popular and beautiful varieties of roses:
    • Floribunda. These are the most colorful types of roses, and they are bushy shrubs that bloom freely, creating clusters of three to fifteen blossoms instead of just one blossom on a step. These shrubs can be grown individually but look the most impressive when you plant many rows of them next to each other.
    • Hybrid Tea. These are one of the most popular types of roses, which grow as upright bushes that grow one flower per stem. These may be the roses you're most used to seeing at the florist's.
    • Grandiflora. This beautiful variety of rose is a mix between a floribunda and a hybrid tea. It grows up to six feet tall and creates classic hybrid tea flower clusters.
    • Shrub and landscape roses. These roses come in a variety of shapes and sizes and they can suit any landscape. They grow close to the ground, are naturally disease-resistant, and they require less attention than other roses while bearing roses over a long season.
    • Climber roses. These roses add flavor to any garden and typically grow on a fence or a trellis. They have long, arching canes that have many flowers which can cover pillars, walls, or any structure that offers them support.
    • Miniature roses. These are the smallest of the rose plants and they can grow anywhere from six inches to two feet tall. These roses flower continuously and are great for container gardening, making borders, and for growing in a small space.
    • Tree roses. These roses have a hardy root stock and are grafted to a long stem that is then grafted to a rose bush at its top. The tree rose is visually stunning but it takes more care for it to survive through the winter.
  2. Plant Roses Step 2.jpg
    2
    Decide whether you want to plant bare root or container roses. This is an important distinction to make because you will have to plant the roses differently depending on whether they are bare root roses or roses that come in a container. Both will need to be planted into the ground to make the roots grow in the earth, but you'll have to choose between the two parts below to find what to do to plant your preferred type of rose. Here's what you need to know about the two kinds of roses:[1]
    • Bare-root roses. These roses will not come with flowers on them, but that's not a bad thing. It means that the bush can expend its energy on developing its roots, not sustaining its flowers. You can plant these earlier in the growing season, as early as six weeks before your region's last average frost date in spring and not any later than two weeks after that date. If you plant them at the right time and using the right method, these roses will grow faster than container-grown roses.
    • Container-grown roses. These roses have the advantage of already having flowers and therefore looking more beautiful when you plant them in your garden. They're usually sold in 1 gallon (3.8 L) sizes or larger and you'll have to be more careful about growing them in true spring time because they're more likely to get nipped by frost.
  3. Plant Roses Step 3.jpg
    3
    Chose your planting site. Your planting site will determine the fate of your roses, no matter how beautiful and tough the initial roses may be. You should find a place that gets at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight each day, especially in the morning. You should also plant your roses near any shelters, such as a wall or a fence, if they're going to be in a particularly windy area. Here are some other things to keep in mind as you choose the perfect site for your roses:[2][3]
    • Hot climates should have some shade to protect the roses from the hottest sun. Cold climates should have a warm wall or a fence to keep the roses from getting too cold.
    • Your soil should have good drainage. Before you plant your roses, dig a hole and pour water into it to make sure that it drains after just a few hours. If your soil is too moist, the roots of your roses may rot. If this is the case, then you should consider planting your roses in raised beds.
    • Make sure your soil isn't too thick or sandy. Adding organic materials such as dehydrated cow manure, shredded bark, or compost can help the soil reach the right consistency.
    • Avoid planting your roses near trees or shrubs. They will compete for nutrients, water, and light, and they will not win out.
    • The soil should not only retain moisture easily, but it should have a pH between 6.5 and 7.
  4. Plant Roses Step 4.jpg
    4
    Gather the materials for planting roses. Having your roses and location is a great start, but if you want to plant the roses, then you have to get all of your materials in order. Here's what you will need:
    • Fertilizer
    • Mulch
    • Pruning shears
    • Gardening gloves
    • Compost or rose planting mix
    • A spade
    • A shovel
    • A filled watering pot